Science and Health
with Key to The Scriptures
by Mary Baker Eddy
Chapter XVII - Glossary


physical sense of God as finite and corporeal. From this
follow idolatry and mythology, – belief in many gods, or
material intelligences, as the opposite of the one Spirit,
or intelligence, named Elohim, or God.
MAN. The compound idea of infinite Spirit; the spirit-
ual image and likeness of God; the full representation of
MATTER. Mythology; mortality; another name for
mortal mind; illusion; intelligence, substance, and life
in non-intelligence and mortality; life resulting in death,
and death in life; sensation in the sensationless; mind
originating in matter; the opposite of Truth; the oppo-
site of Spirit; the opposite of God; that of which immortal
Mind takes no cognizance; that which mortal mind sees,
feels, hears, tastes, and smells only in belief.
MIND. The only I, or Us; the only Spirit, Soul, divine
Principle, substance, Life, Truth, Love; the one God;
not that which is in man, but the divine Principle, or God,
of whom man is the full and perfect expression; Deity,
which outlines but is not outlined.
MIRACLE. That which is divinely natural, but must
be learned humanly; a phenomenon of Science.
MORNING. Light; symbol of Truth; revelation and
MORTAL MIND. Nothing claiming to be something,
for Mind is immortal; mythology; error creating other
errors; a suppositional material sense, alias the belief
that sensation is in matter, which is sensationless; a be-
lief that life, substance, and intelligence are in and of
matter; the opposite of Spirit, and therefore the opposite
of God, or good; the belief that life has a beginning
and therefore an end; the belief that man is the off-
spring of mortals; the belief that there can be more than
one creator; idolatry; the subjective states of error;
material senses; that which neither exists in Science nor
can be recognized by the spiritual sense; sin; sickness;
MOSES. A corporeal mortal; moral courage; a type
of moral law and the demonstration thereof; the proof
that, without the gospel, – the union of justice and affec-
tion, – there is something spiritually lacking, since justice
demands penalties under the law.
MOTHER. God; divine and eternal Principle; Life,
Truth, and Love.
NEW JERUSALEM. Divine Science; the spiritual facts
and harmony of the universe; the kingdom of heaven,
or reign of harmony.
NIGHT. Darkness; doubt; fear.
NOAH. A corporeal mortal; knowledge of the noth-
ingness of material things and of the immortality of all
that is spiritual.
OIL. Consecration; charity; gentleness; prayer; heav-
enly inspiration.
PHARISEE. Corporeal and sensuous belief; self-right-
eousness; vanity; hypocrisy.
PISON (river). The love of the good and beautiful, and
their immortality.
PRINCIPLE. See chapter on Recapitulation, page 465.
PROPHET. A spiritual seer; disappearance of mate-
rial sense before the conscious facts of spiritual Truth.
PURSE. Laying up treasures in matter; error.
RED DRAGON. Error; fear; inflammation; sensuality;
subtlety; animal magnetism; envy; revenge.
RESURRECTION. Spiritualization of thought; a new
and higher idea of immortality, or spiritual existence;
material belief yielding to spiritual understanding.
REUBEN (Jacob's son). Corporeality; sensuality; de-
lusion; mortality; error.
RIVER. Channel of thought.
When smooth and unobstructed, it typifies the course
of Truth; but muddy, foaming, and dashing, it is a type
of error.
ROCK. Spiritual foundation; Truth. Coldness and
SALVATION. Life, Truth, and Love understood and
demonstrated as supreme over all; sin, sickness, and
death destroyed.
SEAL. The signet of error revealed by Truth
SERPENT (ophis, in Greek; nacash, in Hebrew).
Subtlety; a lie; the opposite of Truth, named error;
the first statement of mythology and idolatry; the belief
in more than one God; animal magnetism; the first lie
of limitation; finity; the first claim that there is an oppo-
site of Spirit, or good, termed matter, or evil; the first
delusion that error exists as fact; the first claim that sin,
sickness, and death are the realities of life. The first
audible claim that God was not omnipotent and that
there was another power, named evil, which was as real
and eternal as God, good.
SHEEP. Innocence; inoffensiveness; those who follow
their leader.
SHEM (Noah's son). A corporeal mortal; kindly affec-
tion; love rebuking error; reproof of sensualism.
SON. The Son of God, the Messiah or Christ. The
son of man, the offspring of the flesh. "Son of a year."
SOULS. See chapter on Recapitulation, page 466.
SPIRIT. Divine substance; Mind; divine Principle;
all that is good; God; that only which is perfect, ever‑
lasting, omnipresent, omnipotent, infinite.
SPIRITS. Mortal beliefs; corporeality; evil minds;
supposed intelligences, or gods; the opposites of God;
errors; hallucinations. (See page 466.)
SUBSTANCE. See chapter on Recapitulation, page 468.
SUN. The symbol of Soul governing man, – of
Truth, Life, and Love.
SWORD. The idea of Truth; justice. Revenge;
TARES. Mortality; error; sin; sickness; disease;
TEMPLE. Body; the idea of Life, substance, and in-
telligence; the superstructure of Truth; the shrine of
Love; a material superstructure, where mortals congre-
gate for worship.
THUMMIM. Perfection; the eternal demand of divine
The Urim and Thummim, which were to be on Aaron's
breast when he went before Jehovah, were holiness and
purification of thought and deed, which alone can fit us
for the office of spiritual teaching.
TIME. Mortal measurements; limits, in which are
summed up all human acts, thoughts, beliefs, opinions,
knowledge; matter; error; that which begins before,
and continues after, what is termed death, until the mortal
disappears and spiritual perfection appears.
TITHE. Contribution; tenth part; homage; gratitude.
A sacrifice to the gods.
UNCLEANLINESS. Impure thoughts; error; sin; dirt.
UNGODLINESS. Opposition to the divine Principle and
its spiritual idea.
UNKNOWN. That which spiritual sense alone compre-
hends, and which is unknown to the material senses.
Paganism and agnosticism may define Deity as "the
great unknowable;" but Christian Science brings God
much nearer to man, and makes Him better known as
the All-in-all, forever near.
Paul saw in Athens an altar dedicated "to the unknown
God." Referring to it, he said to the Athenians: "Whom
therefore ye ignorantly worship, Him declare I unto you."
(Acts xvii. 23.)
URIM. Light.
The rabbins believed that the stones in the breast-
plate of the high-priest had supernatural illumination,
but Christian Science reveals Spirit, not matter, as the
illuminator of all. The illuminations of Science give us
a sense of the nothingness of error, and they show the
spiritual inspiration of Love and Truth to be the only fit
preparation for admission to the presence and power of
the Most High.
VALLEY. Depression; meekness; darkness.
"Though I walk through the valley of the shadow of
death, I will fear no evil." (Psalm xxiii.4.)
Though the way is dark in mortal sense, divine Life
and Love illumine it, destroy the unrest of mortal thought,
the fear of death, and the supposed reality of error. Chris-
tian Science, contradicting sense, maketh the valley to bud
and blossom as the rose.
VEIL. A cover; concealment; hiding; hypocrisy.
The Jewish women wore veils over their faces in token
of reverence and submission and in accordance with
Pharisaical notions.
The Judaic religion consisted mostly of rites and cere-
monies. The motives and affections of a man were of
little value, if only he appeared unto men to fast. The
great Nazarene, as meek as he was mighty, rebuked the
hypocrisy, which offered long petitions for blessings upon
material methods, but cloaked the crime, latent in thought,
which was ready to spring into action and crucify God's
anointed. The martyrdom of Jesus was the culminating
sin of Pharisaism. It rent the veil of the temple. It re-
vealed the false foundations and superstructures of super-
ficial religion, tore from bigotry and superstition their
coverings, and opened the sepulchre with divine Science,
– immortality and Love.
WILDERNESS. Loneliness; doubt; darkness. Spon-
taneity of thought and idea; the vestibule in which a
material sense of things disappears, and spiritual sense
unfolds the great facts of existence.
WILL. The motive-power of error; mortal belief; ani-
mal power. The might and wisdom of God.
"For this is the will of God." (I Thessalonians
iv. 3.)
Will, as a quality of so-called mortal mind, is a wrong‑
doer; hence it should not be confounded with the term
as applied to Mind or to one of God's qualities.
WIND. That which indicates the might of omnipo-
tence and the movements of God's spiritual government,
encompassing all things. Destruction; anger; mortal
The Greek word for wind (pneuma) is used also for
spirit, as in the passage in John's Gospel, the third chap-
ter, where we read: "The wind [pneuma] bloweth where
it listeth. . . . So is every one that is born of the Spirit
[pneuma]." Here the original word is the same in both
cases, yet it has received different translations, as in other
passages in this same chapter and elsewhere in the New
Testament. This shows how our Master had constantly
to employ words of material significance in order to unfold
spiritual thoughts. In the record of Jesus' supposed
death, we read: "He bowed his head, and gave up the
ghost;" but this word ghost is pneuma. It might be trans-
lated wind or air, and the phrase is equivalent to our
common statement, "He breathed his last." What
Jesus gave up was indeed air, an etherealized form of
matter, for never did he give up Spirit, or Soul.
WINE. Inspiration; understanding. Error; fornica-
tion; temptation; passion.
YEAR. A solar measurement of time; mortality;
space for repentance.
"One day is with the Lord as a thousand years."
(II Peter iii. 8.)
One moment of divine consciousness, or the spiritual
understanding of Life and Love, is a foretaste of eternity.
This exalted view, obtained and retained when the Sci-
ence of being is understood, would bridge over with life
discerned spiritually the interval of death, and man
would be in the full consciousness of his immortality and
eternal harmony, where sin, sickness, and death are un-
known. Time is a mortal thought, the divisor of which
is the solar year. Eternity is God's measurement of Soul‑
filled years.
YOU. As applied to corporeality, a mortal; finity.
ZEAL. The reflected animation of Life, Truth, and
Love. Blind enthusiasm; mortal will.
ZION. Spiritual foundation and superstructure; in-
spiration; spiritual strength. Emptiness; unfaithful-
ness; desolation.
Chapter XVIII
Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them. – JESUS.
That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruit-
ful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God. –
Let us get up early to the vineyards: let us see if the vine flourish,
whether the tender grape appear, and the pomegranates bud forth. –
THOUSANDS of letters could be presented in testi-
mony of the healing efficacy of Christian Science and
particularly concerning the vast number of people who
have been reformed and healed through the perusal or
study of this book.
For the assurance and encouragement of the reader, a
few of these letters are here republished from THE CHRIS-
NEL. The originals are in the possession of the Editor,
who can authenticate the testimonials which follow.
I was a great sufferer from a serious form of rheumatic
trouble, my hands being affected to such an extent that it
was impossible for me even to dress without assistance.
The trouble finally reached the knees, and I became very
lame and had to be assisted in and out of bed. I went
to the different health resorts for the benefit I hoped to
derive from the baths and waters that were prescribed by
physicians, but found no permanent relief. I was placed
under an X-ray examination, and was told that the joints
were becoming ossified. I then consulted a celebrated
specialist, who after a thorough examination said my
condition would continue to grow worse and that I would
become completely helpless.
At that time a copy of "Science and Health with Key to
the Scriptures" by Mrs. Eddy was loaned me. I read it
more from curiosity than with the thought of any physical
benefit. As the truth was unfolded to me, I realized that
the mental condition was what needed correcting, and
that the Spirit of truth which inspired this book was my
physician. My healing is complete, and the liberation in
thought is manifest in a life of active usefulness rather
than the bondage of helpless invalidism and suffering. I
owe to our beloved Leader, Mrs. Eddy, gratitude which
words cannot express. Her revelation of the practical
rather than the merely theoretical application of Jesus'
words, "Ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall
make you free," proved to be my redeemer. I did not
even have to apply to a practitioner, but am most grate-
ful for the helpful words of loving friends. – E. B. B.,
Pasadena, Cal.
It is nearly five years since I bought my first copy of
Science and Health, the reading of which cured me of
chronic constipation, nervous headache, astigmatism, and
hernia, in less than four months.
Where would I be now, had not this blessed truth been
brought to me by much persuasion of a very dear friend?
I certainly should have been deep in the slough of despond,
if not in the grave. Am I truly thankful for all the good
that has come to me and mine? I try to let my works
testify of that; but to those whom I do not meet in person,
I can truly say, Yes; I am indeed more thankful than
words can express for the glorious healing that has come
to me, both physical, mental, and moral, and I also con-
vey herein, my song of gratitude to the dear Leader who
has through her fidelity to Truth enabled me to touch
at least the hem of Christ's garment. – B. S. J., Sioux
City, Iowa.
It was about fifteen years ago that Christian Science
first came to my notice. At that time I had been a chronic
invalid for a good many years. I had acute bowel
trouble, bronchitis, and a number of other troubles. One
physician had told me that my lungs were like wet paper,
ready to tear at any time, and I was filled with fear, as
my mother, two brothers, and a sister had been vic-
tims of consumption. I tried many physicians and
every material remedy that promised help, but no help
came until I found a copy of Mrs. Eddy's book, Sci-
ence and Health. The book was placed in my hands
by one who did not then appreciate it, and I was told
that it would be hard for me to understand it. I com-
menced reading it with this thought, but I caught beau-
tiful glimpses of Truth, which took away my fear and
healed me of all those diseases, and they have never
I would also like to tell how I was healed of a sprained
ankle. The accident occurred in the morning, and all
that day and during the night I gave myself Christian
Science treatment, as best I could. The next morning
it seemed to be no better, being very sore, badly swollen,
and much discolored. Feeling that I had done all I could,
I decided to stop thinking about it. I took my copy of
Science and Health and began reading. Very soon I
became so absorbed in the book that I forgot all about
my ankle; it went entirely out of my thought, for I had
a glimpse of all God's creation as spiritual, and for the
time being lost sight of my material selfhood. After two
hours I laid the book down and walked into another room.
When next I thought of my ankle, I found it was not hurt-
ing me. The swelling had gone down, the black and blue
appearance had nearly vanished, and it was perfectly well.
It was healed while I was "absent from the body" and
"present with the Lord." This experience was worth
a great deal to me, for it showed me how the healing is
done. – C. H., Portland, Ore.
My gratitude for Christian Science is boundless. I
was afflicted with a fibroid tumor which weighed not
less than fifty pounds, attended by a continuous hem-
orrhage for eleven years. The tumor was a growth of
eighteen years.
I lived in Fort Worth, Tex., and I had never heard
of Christian Science before leaving there for Chicago
in the year 1887. I had tried to live near to God, and
I feel sure He guided me in all my steps to this heal-
ing and saving truth. After being there several weeks
I received letters from a Texas lady who had herself been
healed, and who wrote urging me to try Christian
Changing my boarding-place, I met a lady who owned
a copy of Science and Health, and in speaking to her of
having seen the book, she informed me she had one, and
she got it and told me I could read it. The revelation
was marvelous and brought a great spiritual awakening.
This awakened sense never left me, and one day when
walking alone it came to me very suddenly that I was
healed, and I walked the faster declaring every step that
I was healed. When I reached my boarding-place, I
found my hostess and told her I was healed. She looked
the picture of amazement. The tumor began to disap-
pear at once, the hemorrhage ceased, and perfect strength
was manifest.
There was no joy ever greater than mine for this Christ‑
cure, for I was very weary and heavy laden. I thought
very little of either sleeping or eating, and my heart was
filled with gratitude, since I knew I had touched the hem
of his garment.
I must add that the reading of Science and Health, and
that alone, healed me, and it was the second copy I ever
saw. – S. L., Fort Worth, Tex.
While an inmate of the State asylum for the insane at
Middletown, Conn., an epileptic, and at times confined to
my bed with bilious attacks, pronounced incurable by the
doctors (at least six in number), the book, Science and
Health with Key to the Scriptures, by Mrs. Eddy was
placed in my hands. After reading a few pages, I be-
came very much impressed with the truth therein stated,
and although I was surrounded with opposition, I knew
that "underneath are the everlasting arms." Since that
time – past the middle of the year 1899 – I have kept
pressing on, until I have been healed by reading Science
and Health. At times I was beset by what seemed un-
conquerable opposition, until the first week in October,
1904, when, upon going to my home in Darien for a visit,
I was given my liberty, and I am now earning my living
in this city. After having been subject to epileptic at-
tacks since 1892, and at one time pronounced dying
by the doctor in charge, I am now well. I have had no
fit, or symptoms of any, since the first week in May,
I trust that this testimony to the healing power of Truth,
realized by reading Science and Health (for I had no treat-
ment), may reach the eye of some to whom the battle
seems long, and inspire them with fresh courage and a
realization of the worth of the victory. I am filled with
inexpressible gratitude and love to God, and to Mrs.
Eddy. – Mrs. B. B. C., Stamford, Conn.
I have felt for some time I should give my experience
in mental surgery. In May, 1902, going home for
lunch, on a bicycle, and while riding down a hill at a
rapid gait, I was thrown from the wheel, and falling
on my left side with my arm under my head, the bone
was broken about half-way between the shoulder and
elbow. While the pain was intense, I lay still in the dust,
declaring the truth and denying that there could
be a break or accident in the realm of divine Love,
until a gentleman came to assist me, saying, he
thought I had been stunned. I was only two and a
half blocks from home, so I mounted my wheel again
and managed to reach it. On arriving there I lay
down and asked my little boy to bring me our text-
book. He immediately brought Science and Health,
which I read for about ten minutes, when all pain
I said nothing to my family of the accident, but at-
tended to some duties and was about half an hour late
in returning to the office, this being my only loss of time
from work. My friends claimed that the arm had not
been broken, as it would have been impossible for me to
continue my work without having it set, and carrying it
in a sling until the bone knit together. Their insistence
almost persuaded me that I might have been mistaken,
until one of my friends invited me to visit a physician's
office where they were experimenting with an X-ray ma-
chine. The physician was asked to examine my left
arm to see if it differed from the ordinary. On look-
ing through it, he said, "Yes, it has been broken, but
whoever set it made a perfect job of it, and you will
never have any further trouble from that break." My
friend then asked the doctor to show how he could
tell where the break had been. The doctor pointed
out the place as being slightly thicker at that part,
like a piece of steel that had been welded. This
was the first of several cases of mental surgery that
have come under my notice, and it made a deep
impression on me.
For the benefit of others who may have something
similar to meet, I will say that I have overcome almost
constant attacks of sick headaches, extending back
to my earliest recollection. – L. C. S., Salt Lake City,
I wish to add my testimony to those of others, and
hope that it may be the means of bringing some poor
sufferer to health, to happiness, and to God. I was
healed through simply reading this wonderful book,
Science and Health. I had been troubled periodically
for many years with sore eyes, and had been to many
doctors, who called the disease iritis and cataract. They
told me that my eyes would always give me trouble, and
that I would eventually lose my sight if I remained in
an office, and advised me to go under an operation. Later
on I had to wear glasses at my work, also out of doors
as I could not bear the winds, and my eyes were gradually
becoming worse. I could not read for longer than a few
minutes at a time, otherwise they would smart severely.
I had to rest my eyes each evening to enable me to use
them the next day; in fact gas-light was getting unbearable
because of the pain, and I made home miserable. A
dear brother told me about Christian Science, and said
that if I would read Science and Health it would help
me. He procured for me the loan of the book. The
first night I read it, it so interested me I quite forgot
all about my eyes until my wife remarked that it was
eleven o'clock. I found that I had been reading this
book for nearly four hours, and I remarked immediately
after, "I believe my eyes are cured," which was really
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