Science and Health
with Key to The Scriptures
by Mary Baker Eddy
Chapter XVII - Glossary


GHOST. An illusion; a belief that mind is outlined
and limited; a supposition that spirit is finite.
GIHON (river). The rights of woman acknowledged
morally, civilly, and socially.
GOD. The great I AM; the all-knowing, all-seeing,
all-acting, all-wise, all-loving, and eternal; Principle;
Mind; Soul; Spirit; Life; Truth; Love; all substance;
GODS. Mythology; a belief that life, substance, and
intelligence are both mental and material; a supposition
of sentient physicality; the belief that infinite Mind is in
finite forms; the various theories that hold mind to be a
material sense, existing in brain, nerve, matter; supposi-
titious minds, or souls, going in and out of matter, erring
and mortal; the serpents of error, which say, "Ye shall
be as gods."
God is one God, infinite and perfect, and cannot be-
come finite and imperfect.
GOOD. God; Spirit; omnipotence; omniscience; om-
nipresence; omni-action.
HAM (Noah's son). Corporeal belief; sensuality;
slavery; tyranny.
HEART. Mortal feelings, motives, affections, joys, and
HEAVEN. Harmony; the reign of Spirit; government
by divine Principle; spirituality; bliss; the atmosphere
of Soul.
HELL. Mortal belief; error; lust; remorse; hatred;
revenge; sin; sickness; death; suffering and self-de-
struction, self-imposed agony; effects of sin; that which
"worketh abomination or maketh a lie."
HIDDEKEL (river). Divine Science understood and
HOLY GHOST. Divine Science; the development of
eternal Life, Truth, and Love.
I, or EGO. Divine Principle; Spirit; Soul; incor-
poreal, unerring, immortal, and eternal Mind.
There is but one I, or Us, but one divine Principle, or
Mind, governing all existence; man and woman un-
changed forever in their individual characters, even as
numbers which never blend with each other, though they
are governed by one Principle. All the objects of God's
creation reflect one Mind, and whatever reflects not this
one Mind, is false and erroneous, even the belief that
life, substance, and intelligence are both mental and
I AM. God; incorporeal and eternal Mind; divine
Principle; the only Ego.
IN. A term obsolete in Science if used with reference
to Spirit, or Deity.
INTELLIGENCE. Substance; self-existent and eternal
Mind; that which is never unconscious nor limited.
See chapter on Recapitulation, page 469.
ISSACHAR (Jacob's son). A corporeal belief; the
offspring of error; envy; hatred; selfishness; self-will;
JACOB. A corporeal mortal embracing duplicity, re-
pentance, sensualism. Inspiration; the revelation of
Science, in which the so-called material senses yield to
the spiritual sense of Life and Love.
JAPHET (Noah's son). A type of spiritual peace, flow-
ing from the understanding that God is the divine Prin-
ciple of all existence, and that man is His idea, the child
of His care.
JERUSALEM. Mortal belief and knowledge obtained
from the five corporeal senses; the pride of power and
the power of pride; sensuality; envy; oppression; tyr-
anny. Home, heaven.
JESUS. The highest human corporeal concept of the
divine idea, rebuking and destroying error and bringing
to light man's immortality.
JOSEPH. A corporeal mortal; a higher sense of Truth
rebuking mortal belief, or error, and showing the immor-
tality and supremacy of Truth; pure affection blessing
its enemies.
JUDAH. A corporeal material belief progressing and
disappearing; the spiritual understanding of God and
man appearing.
KINGDOM OF HEAVEN. The rein of harmony in divine
Science; the realm of unerring, eternal, and omnipotent
Mind; the atmosphere of Spirit, where Soul is supreme.
KNOWLEDGE. Evidence obtained from the five cor-
poreal senses; mortality; beliefs and opinions; human
theories, doctrines, hypotheses; that which is not divine
and is the origin of sin, sickness, and death; the oppo-
site of spiritual Truth and understanding.
LAMB OF GOD. The spiritual idea of Love; self-im-
molation; innocence and purity; sacrifice.
LEVI (Jacob's son). A corporeal and sensual belief;
mortal man; denial of the fulness of God's creation;
ecclesiastical despotism.
LIFE. See chapter on Recapitulation, page 468.
LORD. In the Hebrew, this term is sometimes em-
ployed as a title, which has the inferior sense of master,
or ruler. In the Greek, the word kurios almost always
has this lower sense, unless specially coupled with the
name God. Its higher signification is Supreme Ruler.
LORD GOD. Jehovah.
This double term is not used in the first chapter of
Genesis, the record of spiritual creation. It is intro-
duced in the second and following chapters, when the
spiritual sense of God and of infinity is disappearing
from the recorder's thought, – when the true scientific
statements of the Scriptures become clouded through a
physical sense of God as finite and corporeal. From this
follow idolatry and mythology, – belief in many gods, or
material intelligences, as the opposite of the one Spirit,
or intelligence, named Elohim, or God.
MAN. The compound idea of infinite Spirit; the spirit-
ual image and likeness of God; the full representation of
MATTER. Mythology; mortality; another name for
mortal mind; illusion; intelligence, substance, and life
in non-intelligence and mortality; life resulting in death,
and death in life; sensation in the sensationless; mind
originating in matter; the opposite of Truth; the oppo-
site of Spirit; the opposite of God; that of which immortal
Mind takes no cognizance; that which mortal mind sees,
feels, hears, tastes, and smells only in belief.
MIND. The only I, or Us; the only Spirit, Soul, divine
Principle, substance, Life, Truth, Love; the one God;
not that which is in man, but the divine Principle, or God,
of whom man is the full and perfect expression; Deity,
which outlines but is not outlined.
MIRACLE. That which is divinely natural, but must
be learned humanly; a phenomenon of Science.
MORNING. Light; symbol of Truth; revelation and
MORTAL MIND. Nothing claiming to be something,
for Mind is immortal; mythology; error creating other
errors; a suppositional material sense, alias the belief
that sensation is in matter, which is sensationless; a be-
lief that life, substance, and intelligence are in and of
matter; the opposite of Spirit, and therefore the opposite
of God, or good; the belief that life has a beginning
and therefore an end; the belief that man is the off-
spring of mortals; the belief that there can be more than
one creator; idolatry; the subjective states of error;
material senses; that which neither exists in Science nor
can be recognized by the spiritual sense; sin; sickness;
MOSES. A corporeal mortal; moral courage; a type
of moral law and the demonstration thereof; the proof
that, without the gospel, – the union of justice and affec-
tion, – there is something spiritually lacking, since justice
demands penalties under the law.
MOTHER. God; divine and eternal Principle; Life,
Truth, and Love.
NEW JERUSALEM. Divine Science; the spiritual facts
and harmony of the universe; the kingdom of heaven,
or reign of harmony.
NIGHT. Darkness; doubt; fear.
NOAH. A corporeal mortal; knowledge of the noth-
ingness of material things and of the immortality of all
that is spiritual.
OIL. Consecration; charity; gentleness; prayer; heav-
enly inspiration.
PHARISEE. Corporeal and sensuous belief; self-right-
eousness; vanity; hypocrisy.
PISON (river). The love of the good and beautiful, and
their immortality.
PRINCIPLE. See chapter on Recapitulation, page 465.
PROPHET. A spiritual seer; disappearance of mate-
rial sense before the conscious facts of spiritual Truth.
PURSE. Laying up treasures in matter; error.
RED DRAGON. Error; fear; inflammation; sensuality;
subtlety; animal magnetism; envy; revenge.
RESURRECTION. Spiritualization of thought; a new
and higher idea of immortality, or spiritual existence;
material belief yielding to spiritual understanding.
REUBEN (Jacob's son). Corporeality; sensuality; de-
lusion; mortality; error.
RIVER. Channel of thought.
When smooth and unobstructed, it typifies the course
of Truth; but muddy, foaming, and dashing, it is a type
of error.
ROCK. Spiritual foundation; Truth. Coldness and
SALVATION. Life, Truth, and Love understood and
demonstrated as supreme over all; sin, sickness, and
death destroyed.
SEAL. The signet of error revealed by Truth
SERPENT (ophis, in Greek; nacash, in Hebrew).
Subtlety; a lie; the opposite of Truth, named error;
the first statement of mythology and idolatry; the belief
in more than one God; animal magnetism; the first lie
of limitation; finity; the first claim that there is an oppo-
site of Spirit, or good, termed matter, or evil; the first
delusion that error exists as fact; the first claim that sin,
sickness, and death are the realities of life. The first
audible claim that God was not omnipotent and that
there was another power, named evil, which was as real
and eternal as God, good.
SHEEP. Innocence; inoffensiveness; those who follow
their leader.
SHEM (Noah's son). A corporeal mortal; kindly affec-
tion; love rebuking error; reproof of sensualism.
SON. The Son of God, the Messiah or Christ. The
son of man, the offspring of the flesh. "Son of a year."
SOULS. See chapter on Recapitulation, page 466.
SPIRIT. Divine substance; Mind; divine Principle;
all that is good; God; that only which is perfect, ever‑
lasting, omnipresent, omnipotent, infinite.
SPIRITS. Mortal beliefs; corporeality; evil minds;
supposed intelligences, or gods; the opposites of God;
errors; hallucinations. (See page 466.)
SUBSTANCE. See chapter on Recapitulation, page 468.
SUN. The symbol of Soul governing man, – of
Truth, Life, and Love.
SWORD. The idea of Truth; justice. Revenge;
TARES. Mortality; error; sin; sickness; disease;
TEMPLE. Body; the idea of Life, substance, and in-
telligence; the superstructure of Truth; the shrine of
Love; a material superstructure, where mortals congre-
gate for worship.
THUMMIM. Perfection; the eternal demand of divine
The Urim and Thummim, which were to be on Aaron's
breast when he went before Jehovah, were holiness and
purification of thought and deed, which alone can fit us
for the office of spiritual teaching.
TIME. Mortal measurements; limits, in which are
summed up all human acts, thoughts, beliefs, opinions,
knowledge; matter; error; that which begins before,
and continues after, what is termed death, until the mortal
disappears and spiritual perfection appears.
TITHE. Contribution; tenth part; homage; gratitude.
A sacrifice to the gods.
UNCLEANLINESS. Impure thoughts; error; sin; dirt.
UNGODLINESS. Opposition to the divine Principle and
its spiritual idea.
UNKNOWN. That which spiritual sense alone compre-
hends, and which is unknown to the material senses.
Paganism and agnosticism may define Deity as "the
great unknowable;" but Christian Science brings God
much nearer to man, and makes Him better known as
the All-in-all, forever near.
Paul saw in Athens an altar dedicated "to the unknown
God." Referring to it, he said to the Athenians: "Whom
therefore ye ignorantly worship, Him declare I unto you."
(Acts xvii. 23.)
URIM. Light.
The rabbins believed that the stones in the breast-
plate of the high-priest had supernatural illumination,
but Christian Science reveals Spirit, not matter, as the
illuminator of all. The illuminations of Science give us
a sense of the nothingness of error, and they show the
spiritual inspiration of Love and Truth to be the only fit
preparation for admission to the presence and power of
the Most High.
VALLEY. Depression; meekness; darkness.
"Though I walk through the valley of the shadow of
death, I will fear no evil." (Psalm xxiii.4.)
Though the way is dark in mortal sense, divine Life
and Love illumine it, destroy the unrest of mortal thought,
the fear of death, and the supposed reality of error. Chris-
tian Science, contradicting sense, maketh the valley to bud
and blossom as the rose.
VEIL. A cover; concealment; hiding; hypocrisy.
The Jewish women wore veils over their faces in token
of reverence and submission and in accordance with
Pharisaical notions.
The Judaic religion consisted mostly of rites and cere-
monies. The motives and affections of a man were of
little value, if only he appeared unto men to fast. The
great Nazarene, as meek as he was mighty, rebuked the
hypocrisy, which offered long petitions for blessings upon
material methods, but cloaked the crime, latent in thought,
which was ready to spring into action and crucify God's
anointed. The martyrdom of Jesus was the culminating
sin of Pharisaism. It rent the veil of the temple. It re-
vealed the false foundations and superstructures of super-
ficial religion, tore from bigotry and superstition their
coverings, and opened the sepulchre with divine Science,
– immortality and Love.
WILDERNESS. Loneliness; doubt; darkness. Spon-
taneity of thought and idea; the vestibule in which a
material sense of things disappears, and spiritual sense
unfolds the great facts of existence.
WILL. The motive-power of error; mortal belief; ani-
mal power. The might and wisdom of God.
"For this is the will of God." (I Thessalonians
iv. 3.)
Will, as a quality of so-called mortal mind, is a wrong‑
doer; hence it should not be confounded with the term
as applied to Mind or to one of God's qualities.
WIND. That which indicates the might of omnipo-
tence and the movements of God's spiritual government,
encompassing all things. Destruction; anger; mortal
The Greek word for wind (pneuma) is used also for
spirit, as in the passage in John's Gospel, the third chap-
ter, where we read: "The wind [pneuma] bloweth where
it listeth. . . . So is every one that is born of the Spirit
[pneuma]." Here the original word is the same in both
cases, yet it has received different translations, as in other
passages in this same chapter and elsewhere in the New
Testament. This shows how our Master had constantly
to employ words of material significance in order to unfold
spiritual thoughts. In the record of Jesus' supposed
death, we read: "He bowed his head, and gave up the
ghost;" but this word ghost is pneuma. It might be trans-
lated wind or air, and the phrase is equivalent to our
common statement, "He breathed his last." What
Jesus gave up was indeed air, an etherealized form of
matter, for never did he give up Spirit, or Soul.
WINE. Inspiration; understanding. Error; fornica-
tion; temptation; passion.
YEAR. A solar measurement of time; mortality;
space for repentance.
"One day is with the Lord as a thousand years."
(II Peter iii. 8.)
One moment of divine consciousness, or the spiritual
understanding of Life and Love, is a foretaste of eternity.
This exalted view, obtained and retained when the Sci-
ence of being is understood, would bridge over with life
discerned spiritually the interval of death, and man
would be in the full consciousness of his immortality and
eternal harmony, where sin, sickness, and death are un-
known. Time is a mortal thought, the divisor of which
is the solar year. Eternity is God's measurement of Soul‑
filled years.
YOU. As applied to corporeality, a mortal; finity.
ZEAL. The reflected animation of Life, Truth, and
Love. Blind enthusiasm; mortal will.
ZION. Spiritual foundation and superstructure; in-
spiration; spiritual strength. Emptiness; unfaithful-
ness; desolation.
Chapter XVIII
Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them. – JESUS.
That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruit-
ful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God. –
Let us get up early to the vineyards: let us see if the vine flourish,
whether the tender grape appear, and the pomegranates bud forth. –
THOUSANDS of letters could be presented in testi-
mony of the healing efficacy of Christian Science and
particularly concerning the vast number of people who
have been reformed and healed through the perusal or
study of this book.
For the assurance and encouragement of the reader, a
few of these letters are here republished from THE CHRIS-
NEL. The originals are in the possession of the Editor,
who can authenticate the testimonials which follow.
I was a great sufferer from a serious form of rheumatic
trouble, my hands being affected to such an extent that it
was impossible for me even to dress without assistance.
The trouble finally reached the knees, and I became very
lame and had to be assisted in and out of bed. I went
to the different health resorts for the benefit I hoped to
derive from the baths and waters that were prescribed by
physicians, but found no permanent relief. I was placed
under an X-ray examination, and was told that the joints
were becoming ossified. I then consulted a celebrated
specialist, who after a thorough examination said my
condition would continue to grow worse and that I would
become completely helpless.
At that time a copy of "Science and Health with Key to
the Scriptures" by Mrs. Eddy was loaned me. I read it
more from curiosity than with the thought of any physical
benefit. As the truth was unfolded to me, I realized that
the mental condition was what needed correcting, and
that the Spirit of truth which inspired this book was my
physician. My healing is complete, and the liberation in
thought is manifest in a life of active usefulness rather
than the bondage of helpless invalidism and suffering. I
owe to our beloved Leader, Mrs. Eddy, gratitude which
words cannot express. Her revelation of the practical
rather than the merely theoretical application of Jesus'
words, "Ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall
make you free," proved to be my redeemer. I did not
even have to apply to a practitioner, but am most grate-
ful for the helpful words of loving friends. – E. B. B.,
Pasadena, Cal.
It is nearly five years since I bought my first copy of
Science and Health, the reading of which cured me of
chronic constipation, nervous headache, astigmatism, and
hernia, in less than four months.
Where would I be now, had not this blessed truth been
brought to me by much persuasion of a very dear friend?
I certainly should have been deep in the slough of despond,
if not in the grave. Am I truly thankful for all the good
that has come to me and mine? I try to let my works
testify of that; but to those whom I do not meet in person,
I can truly say, Yes; I am indeed more thankful than
words can express for the glorious healing that has come
to me, both physical, mental, and moral, and I also con-
vey herein, my song of gratitude to the dear Leader who
has through her fidelity to Truth enabled me to touch
at least the hem of Christ's garment. – B. S. J., Sioux
City, Iowa.
It was about fifteen years ago that Christian Science
first came to my notice. At that time I had been a chronic
invalid for a good many years. I had acute bowel
trouble, bronchitis, and a number of other troubles. One
physician had told me that my lungs were like wet paper,
ready to tear at any time, and I was filled with fear, as
my mother, two brothers, and a sister had been vic-
tims of consumption. I tried many physicians and
every material remedy that promised help, but no help
came until I found a copy of Mrs. Eddy's book, Sci-
ence and Health. The book was placed in my hands
by one who did not then appreciate it, and I was told
that it would be hard for me to understand it. I com-
menced reading it with this thought, but I caught beau-
tiful glimpses of Truth, which took away my fear and
healed me of all those diseases, and they have never
I would also like to tell how I was healed of a sprained
ankle. The accident occurred in the morning, and all
that day and during the night I gave myself Christian
Science treatment, as best I could. The next morning
it seemed to be no better, being very sore, badly swollen,
and much discolored. Feeling that I had done all I could,
I decided to stop thinking about it. I took my copy of
Science and Health and began reading. Very soon I
became so absorbed in the book that I forgot all about
my ankle; it went entirely out of my thought, for I had
a glimpse of all God's creation as spiritual, and for the
time being lost sight of my material selfhood. After two
hours I laid the book down and walked into another room.
When next I thought of my ankle, I found it was not hurt-
ing me. The swelling had gone down, the black and blue
appearance had nearly vanished, and it was perfectly well.
It was healed while I was "absent from the body" and
"present with the Lord." This experience was worth
a great deal to me, for it showed me how the healing is
done. – C. H., Portland, Ore.
My gratitude for Christian Science is boundless. I
was afflicted with a fibroid tumor which weighed not
less than fifty pounds, attended by a continuous hem-
orrhage for eleven years. The tumor was a growth of
eighteen years.
I lived in Fort Worth, Tex., and I had never heard
of Christian Science before leaving there for Chicago
in the year 1887. I had tried to live near to God, and
I feel sure He guided me in all my steps to this heal-
ing and saving truth. After being there several weeks
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